When an adjective ends in -io, the o is dropped to form the plural. In Spanish, we describe nouns with adjectives that correspond in relation to gender (is the masculine or feminine noun) and number (is the singular or plural noun). 287. An adjective may, in that sense, belong to two or more names of different sex. In such cases: Note: A predicate adjective may be used with sum or a copular verb (§ 283); it may have the construction of an acoustic predicate according to a verb of designation, vocation or similar (§ 393, note); or it may be used as a surname (§ 282.b). Cōnsilium cēpērunt plēnum sceleris. (Id. 28) They formed a full plan of Villany. One. Some adjectives have practically become nouns and are often modified by other adjectives or by the possessive genitive. However, we do not use these endings with two-syllable adjectives ending in one stressed syllable, nor with longer adjectives with more than two syllables. Comparisons and superlatives of these adjectives are forming more and more.
Note: The plural of adjectives, pronouns and participles is very common in this usage. The singular is relatively rare, except in the neutral (§ 289.a and c, below) and in words that have practically become nouns. Some words ending in -ly can be both adjectives and adverbs. These include daily, early, monthly, weekly, nocturnal, annual: unlike many other languages, adjectives in English do not (agree) with the noun they modify: we use the -ing and -ed forms of regular and irregular verbs as adjectives: Note- An adjective that refers to two nouns connected by the preposition, is sometimes plural (synese, § 280.a) Some two-syllable adjectives ending in an unstressed syllable also have these endings. Some words ending in -ly are only adjectives and not adverbs. These include: expensive, cowardly, deadly, friendly, probably, lonely, sweet, oily, neat, scholarly, stupid, smelly, contemporary, ugly, woolly. Note: These adjectives have a specific and non-generic meaning like those in § 288. They contain the names of winds and months (§ 31). c. A neutral adjective may be used as an appositive noun or predicate with a noun of different sexes (cf. § 287.
a, above). Note: All adjective matching rules also apply to adjective pronouns and participles. If you search for an adjective in a dictionary, you will find the singular masculine form of an adjective as a given standard form. A good dictionary gives several examples of how it is used and can contain sentences with the feminine or plural form. The word “immutable” (inv.) means that the adjective has only one form (see los colores for examples). An adjective that modifies two different sex nouns is masculine. Some adjectives are formed from nouns and verbs by adding suffixes. An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun; for example, a good boy. In Italian, an adjective in gender and number corresponds to the noun it modifies. In Italian, there are two groups of adjectives: those that end in -o and those that end in -e.
You may have noticed that if we use Ser or Estar with an adjective, if the adjective has a feminine and masculine form, the adjective must correspond to the subject that modifies it. This also applies to the number of people or things that make up the subject. The often confusing pairs of adjectives ending in -ing and -ed are: interesting, self-serving; boring, bored; exciting, excited; embarrassing, embarrassing. Prefixes such as un-, in-, im-, il- and ir- change the meaning of adjectives. Adding these prefixes makes the meaning negative: b. If ambiguity arises from the substantial use of an adjective, a noun must be added. One. Two or more abstract nouns of the same sex may have a predicate adjective in the neutral plural (cf.
§ 289.c below). Many adjectives are used in content in the singular or plural, with the additional meaning of a noun understood from a constant association. 290. An adjective that corresponds to the subject or object is often used to qualify the effect of the verb, as is the power of an adverb. There is no general rule for the production of adjectives. We know that these are adjectives, usually by what they do (their function) in one sentence. However, some word endings (suffixes) are typical of adjectives. a neutral adjective can be used as an attributive adjective or predicate with an infinitive or noun. One. For two or more nouns, the adjective is regularly plural, but often corresponds to the next (especially if it is attributive). A legally binding agreement between two or more parties. Many monosyllabic adjectives have endings to show comparison and superlative.
lēgātōs sortēsque ōrāculī exspectandās (id. 5.15), let the ambassadors and answers of the oracle be expected. Opus is mātūrātō. You have to hurry.. .